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San Luis Obispo County
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Avila Beach

Avila Beach sits seven miles north of Pismo Beach, seven miles south of San Luis Obispo, and half way between Los Angeles and San Francisco.  Driving a few miles west of Highway 101 along shady, tree-lined roads that lead to the Pacific Ocean, Avila Beach and a bay with three piers come into view. A privately owned pier between Avila Pier and San Luis Wharf is gated, while the other two wooden piers are open to the public and offer beautiful views, restaurants and a working fish market.

 Last year the Avila Boardwalk got a facelift.  There are new concrete benches and walkways containing nautical art and themes. Cement starfish cling to benches, much as the real ones can be seen while standing on the lower stairs landing of the pier, overlooking pilings beneath the planked walkway. 

Tucked away behind apple orchards, hot springs and tree filled mountains, Avila is a gem on the Central Coast.

My Memories of Avila and the Lighthouse

By Jens Wagner

I was born in San Francisco in 1932 of immigrant parents. My

father, Jens Otto Wagner, was born near Hamburg, Germany. He

met my mother Phyllis in Wellington, New Zealand, and they

immigrated to the United States in 1931. My father was a sailor.

He began sailing as a youngster, eventually achieving the position

of Chief Marine Engineer.

In 1936, at my mother’s request, my father stopped sailing as a

marine engineer for various steamship lines and took a job with

the U. S. Department of the Interior in the Lighthouse Service.

His first post was St. George’s Reef off the Pacific coast near

Crescent City, California. This particular lighthouse was often

referred to as “The Widowmaker” due to its rugged location.

In 1937, my parents, now with two young sons, left St. George’s

Reef bound for duty in San Luis Obispo County at the Lighthouse

Station in Avila Beach, California. We traveled down the coast by

bus, arriving in time to meet our furniture which had been shipped

by sea. To our surprise, we found that we would be joining two

other families, the Morehouses and the Lewises, already in

residence. Together there were six children calling this lighthouse

station home. We lived there for approximately two years.

The Avila Lighthouse Station compound consisted of three

buildings, a cistern, and a white-washed henhouse. The main

building with its tower was the Morehouse residence and is still

there. The other building, a duplex, was home to the Wagner and

Lewis families. Built at the end of the 19th century in the

Crafstman style, our part of the two-story duplex had three

bedrooms on the upper floor and living quarters below. In the

early 1940s, the Lighthouse Service was transferred to the U.S.

Coast Guard to consolidate surveillance and protection of the

Pacific coastline. In order to make room for more housing, our

home was pushed over the cliff and the Coast Guard built the

barracks which are there today. The third building is still there

and housed the foghorns.

Everything to do with a lighthouse needs to be kept functioning

properly at all times. Our fathers worked 8 hour shifts. This

provided the necessary 24-hour rotation required to carry out the

duties and responsibilities of operating and maintaining the fog

horns and the tower light. Diesel and steam power were available

for running the equipment which was all started manually. The

tower light was kept clean and lit all the time. The foghorns had

different sounds to identify our location for ships at sea. My

bedroom was about 100’ from the foghorn building and I learned

to sleep through just about anything! I don’t remember any

accidents or rescues while we were there and that original Fresnel

lense, I think, now belongs to the San Luis Obispo County

Historical Society.

Most of the families living in Avila at this time were fishing

families or families associated with Union Oil of California.

Names that I remember are the Martins, the St. Johns, and the

Gilmans. I also remember a native American Chumash who lived

like a hermit near the current PG&E gate. Though he was

reclusive, somehow my folks got to know him. He gave me a

present once - an old coffee grinder. It would be a nice treasure

today if I knew where it was!

The Wagners always walked everywhere unless we could catch a

ride on the old small gauge railroad. From the lighthouse, we

would walk down the side of the hill to approximately where Fat

Cat Restaurant is today, then follow the tracks into Avila. The

railroad tracks belonged to the Pacific Coast Railway and

Steamship Company built 1873. It was still the transportation of

that day. The Roundhouse was on Lower Higuera in SLO. From

there, traffic was diverted to the two rail routes, carrying

passengers and produce either from San Luis Obispo to Avila or

south through the Village of Arroyo Grande to Los Olivos. The

old PCR tracks, I believe, were ripped up during WWII to provide

steel for the war effort. Some of the rolling stock was still around

in the late 1940s and two of the passenger cars had been converted

to an ornithological museum.

There were three piers then, as now. The business district was

located in the area of the first pier where the Yacht Club is today;

the second pier belonged to Union Oil for loading and unloading

and the third pier is where the restaurant is now. The original first

pier was probably built by John Harford who had also built one in

the Spyglass area, but weather destroyed that one early on. The

Old Custom House, the Canet General Store, the Post Office, a

boarding house, and a bar or two were located near the first pier.

In those days, the Old Custom House was a sandwich shop and ice

cream cones were 5 cents! The Post Office was located in the

Avila Market. Alice Canet was the postmistress and

proprietress of the Market. From her, we used to get a

“billie” can - equivalent to one gallon - of fresh milk from

the Creamery in SLO. Fresh milk was a treat as our usual

milk was canned, evaporated milk. We also bought meat

at the Avila Market. And sometimes Dad would go out at

night with the commercial fishermen. If the catch was

good, he would come back the next morning with a couple

of big fish - salmon, albacore, sometimes halibut and cod.

Dad also had a garden on the lighthouse bluff. One year

he grew 900 head of cabbage which he took into town and

bartered for an old 1928 Model T coupe and 100 pound

sack of potatoes. We thought it was a great deal because

the Model T had a rumble seat and we got to eat a lot of

the potatoes! Dad planted the rest. There was good soil

up there on that bluff and I’ve heard there are wild

vegetables growing there today….perhaps remnants of my

Dad’s old garden. There may also be descendants of some of

Mother’s cats. Mother
loved cats and at one point we had over 25!

We also had raccoons and skunks.

Avila was a close knit community although we had no church. We went

St. Paul
’s Catholic Church in Pismo or the Old Mission Church in

San Luis  Obispo
. Our first Christmas there, Dad made a Noah’s Ark

for me.

The lid lifted up so that the hand
carved animals could be placed


“Noah” was a character cut from a coffee can

label of the day. It was all quite wonderful!

In 1938, I started first grade at the two-room Avila Schoolhouse about

two blocks up the hill from town and the beach. Mrs. Lawrence was my

teacher and taught the first four grades. Mrs. Ruda, our principal, taught

the upper grades. We usually had 25 - 30 children in school. If the

weather was inclement, sometimes my Dad would lower the

long boat into the water and we would navigate across the Bay to the

first pier.

In 1939 or 1940, when the U.S. Coast Guard took over the Lighthouse

Service, my father did not want to have a commission so we

moved to San Francisco. There he took a job with the War Department

as a stationary steam plant engineer on Angel be continued.


Editor’s Note: The Avila Schoolhouse is still on its hill above town. However, now a part of the San Luis Coastal School District, it has been determined to be lacking in historical value and is scheduled for demolition. The SLO Coastal School District plans to build townhouses on the property, reserving three for school teachers in the District.





















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